Written by Pam MS, NCSP | Fact checked by Psychology Dictionary staff 

n. a method of searching for the cause or causes of certain effects. Because the causal factor needs to be identified, the researcher will have to obtain data or use inferences. When data cannot be obtained through experimentation, the causal inference must be dependable and justifiable.

CAUSAL ANALYSIS: "A causal analysis can become complex, simply because you have to determine which inferences are justified and true to your data."

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