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ACETONE

Written by Pam MS, NCSP | Fact checked by Psychology Dictionary staff 

noun. a drab, gaseous fluid with a sugary scent that develops when large sums pool in the blood and liquid waste of individuals with diabetes or other metabolic illnesses.

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ALSTROM-HALLGREN SYNDROME

Written by Pam MS, NCSP | Fact checked by Psychology Dictionary staff 

introduced by a Swedish medical professionals Carl Henry Alstrom and Bertil Hallgren, a genetic disease marked by excessive weight, inability to hear, optical diseases, and diabetes, and sometimes tied into cognitive illnesses

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BLINDNESS

Written by Pam MS, NCSP | Fact checked by Psychology Dictionary staff 

n. the inability to see or the condition of being sightless. Specifically, it refers to a partial to total impairment of the capacity to perceive any visual stimuli. Its most frequent causes include birth injury, head trauma, macular degeneration, uncontrolled glaucoma, inoperable cataract, and diabetic retinopathy.

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BLOOD SUGAR

Written by Pam MS, NCSP | Fact checked by Psychology Dictionary staff 

n. the concentration of glucose in the blood, expressed in milligrams per deciliter. Insulin and glucagon are two pancreatic horrmones which help regulate it. With blood glucose being essential for normal brain and body function, an abnormal rise or fall would indicate disease. See diabetes- hyperglycemia- hypoglycemia.

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BRATTLEBORO RAT

Written by Pam MS, NCSP | Fact checked by Psychology Dictionary staff 

a. lab rat whose particular strain first originated from Brattleboro, Vermont. Due to a mutation in its gene for vasopressin, the creature lacked this hormone essential for good kidney function. Thus, it exhibited symptoms of excessive thirst and urination and a predisposition to diabetes insipidus.

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BRATTLEBORO RAT

Written by Pam MS, NCSP | Fact checked by Psychology Dictionary staff 

Rat with a mutated gene that causes diabetes.

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DETACHED RETINA

Written by Pam MS, NCSP | Fact checked by Psychology Dictionary staff 

The separationof the inner layer of the retina from the outer pigment layer. Also called retinal detachment. See diabetic retinopathy.

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DIABETES INSIPIDUS

Written by Pam MS, NCSP | Fact checked by Psychology Dictionary staff 

Metabolic disorder showing excessive thirst and increased urination without the presence of sugar in the urine. See nephrogenic diabetes insipudus.

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DIABETES MELLITUS

Written by Pam MS, NCSP | Fact checked by Psychology Dictionary staff 

Metabolic disorder caused by the ineffective production of insulin.

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DIABETIC ENTEROPATHY

Written by Pam MS, NCSP | Fact checked by Psychology Dictionary staff 

A complication of diabetes mellitus marked by fecal incontinence at night. See gastric neuropathy.

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