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DIABETIC GASTROPATHY

Written by Pam MS, NCSP | Fact checked by Psychology Dictionary staff 

Stomach disorder due to the effects of diabetes on the autonomic nervous system. See gastric neuropathy.

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DIABETIC RETINOPATHY

Written by Pam MS, NCSP | Fact checked by Psychology Dictionary staff 

A deterioration of the retina seen in people with diabetes mellitus.

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FETUS AT RISK (FAR)

Written by Pam MS, NCSP | Fact checked by Psychology Dictionary staff 

A baby with significant risk factors for a disability or illness from parental and familial influences. A baby from diabetic parents will have a high risk factor of developing the disease.

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GASTRIC NEUROPATHY

Written by Pam MS, NCSP | Fact checked by Psychology Dictionary staff 

term that describes a form of diabetic gastropathy that is marked by delayed emptying of the stomach and irregular food absorption.

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LIPODYSTROPHY

Written by Pam MS, NCSP | Fact checked by Psychology Dictionary staff 

is an umbrella term used for any inability to regulate the process of lipid metabolism. Whilst lipodystrophy can occur in those considered mentally sane, mental retardation has given rise to lipodystrophy developing in 20% of patients of a specific study. Lipodystrophy has also been linked with diabetes mellitus which is diagnosed when visible layers of subcutaneous fat are prominent in areas where insulin is injected.

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NEPHROGENIC DIABETES INSIPIDUS

Written by Pam MS, NCSP | Fact checked by Psychology Dictionary staff 

is the resulting condition when the kidneys are incapable of producing the concentration of urea in the nephrons due to an insensitivity to vasopressin which is produced by the pituitary gland. Hence, patients typically drink large amounts of water just to remove the dilute urine.

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OBESITY

Written by Pam MS, NCSP | Fact checked by Psychology Dictionary staff 

noun. a state of having leftover body fat resulting in being overweight, widely defined with regard to absolute weight, weight-height ratio, dispersion of subcutaneous fat, and cultural and external standards. The primary causes are inherited, climate-related, behavior-based, or some interplay between these. Over-ingesting food might have a psychological cause but in some circumstances, it might be due to a natural or biologic disorder. The consequences of it are cause for worry: It predisposes the individual to being diabetic, contracting heart disease, and many other severe medical conditions, and overweight people might cultivate psychological and emotion-based problems with regard to their body image.

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OCULOMOTOR PALSY

Written by Pam MS, NCSP | Fact checked by Psychology Dictionary staff 

paralyzing of any of the extrinsic ocular muscles. This might be a consequence of injury to the muscle itself, the motor end plate, or the 3rd, 4th, or 6th cranial nerves. The most frequently seen causes are MS, hypertension, and diabetes. Commonly referred to as ocular palsy.

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PERIPHERAL NEUROPATHY

Written by Pam MS, NCSP | Fact checked by Psychology Dictionary staff 

a neuromuscular disorder of the limbs caused by injury to the PNS and generally marked by clumsiness, numbness, weakness, and sensory loss. There are many causes which are inclusive of trauma or injury, nutritional insufficiencies, diabetes, and exposure to poisonous compounds. It exists in 5-15% cases of chronic alcoholism.

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PRADER-WILLI SYNDROME (PWS|

Written by Pam MS, NCSP | Fact checked by Psychology Dictionary staff 

a congenital disorder characterized by cognitive retardation, short height, hypogonadism, insensitivity to pain, hypotonia, obesity, and short feet and hands. It is inflicted by an irregularity of chromosome 15, viewed most often in males, possibly because the gonadal abnormality is easier to identify in males. Affected people have an extreme appetite and are continually foraging for food. Whenever diabetes mellitus is correlated with the condition, it is referred to as Royer's syndrome.

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