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A-B DESIGN

Written by Pam MS, NCSP | Fact checked by Psychology Dictionary staff 

a setup for experiments requiring the measurement of the dependent variable prior to onset of the experiment and again after it.

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ABILITY LEVEL

Written by Pam MS, NCSP | Fact checked by Psychology Dictionary staff 

the recorded level of accomplishment an individual reaches

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ABNORMAL

Written by Pam MS, NCSP | Fact checked by Psychology Dictionary staff 

adjective. 1. all things atypical, unordinary, or considered outside of the norm. 2. in regards to statistics, any data studied that is beyond or beneath the scope of what is normal or predicted.

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ABNORMAL BEHAVIOR

Written by Pam MS, NCSP | Fact checked by Psychology Dictionary staff 

behavior that is unlike the majority of a healthy human population- behaviors which could pose a threat to one's livelihood or well-being. Frequently, abnormal behavior is viewed as being symptomatic of underlying problems ranging from emotional traumas to mental illness.

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ABNORMALITY

Written by Pam MS, NCSP | Fact checked by Psychology Dictionary staff 

1. in a position that is not normal. 2. disfigurement or imperfections in building or operations.

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ABSENT-MINDEDNESS

Written by Pam MS, NCSP | Fact checked by Psychology Dictionary staff 

a position of unawareness when a person's thought processes are overwhelming enough to distract them from their surrounding environment.

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ABSOLUTE THRESHOLD

Written by Pam MS, NCSP | Fact checked by Psychology Dictionary staff 

the smallest quantity of prodding or provocation needed to invoke a response from something.

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ABSTRACTION

Written by Pam MS, NCSP | Fact checked by Psychology Dictionary staff 

noun. 1. the development of thoughts or notions deriving from specific events. 2. ideas that cannot be discerned from a physical presence or physically touched. 3. in regards to conditioning, exemplifying something due to one facet of it's being- adjective form- abstract

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ABUSE POTENTIAL

Written by Pam MS, NCSP | Fact checked by Psychology Dictionary staff 

the ability a drug retains to keep someone dependent on it. Such ability is often directly correlated with how the drug is given and how quickly it enter one's bloodstream and nervous system in order to produce a high sensation. Thus, drugs that enter the system more quickly through expedited methods such as an IV will be more likely to be habit-forming than those at a slower rate, such as oral ingestion.

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ACCENTUATION THEORY

Written by Pam MS, NCSP | Fact checked by Psychology Dictionary staff 

Henri Tajfel's concept that points out a tendency to over-emphasize the differences between things belonging to different categories, and likewise, amplify similarities between things within the same categories.

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