is similar to facework, in that face-saving behaviours are acts where an individual will attempt to uphold their dignity addressing a social blunder or accident in which it was brought into question.
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is otherwise known as a direct-contact group. Face-to-face groups are groups where individuals interact on a person-to-person basis and can therefore perceive each other's needs and responses to developing situations.
is a type of social interaction occuring between two people where they will converse or exchange knowledge, an example of this type of communication is a simple conversation between friends.
has a multitude of potential definintions depending on the application. For example, in social interactions, facework refers to strategic social movements where the individual attempts to preserve their social dignity.
involves classifying (FACS is a coding system) facial expressions using the movements of particular facial muscles, examples including the orbicularis oculi and the zygomaticus major. First proposed by Paul Ekman and Wallace. Friesen.
are a set of angles which allow the quantification of facial protrusion and movements using an established and normally standardized set of craniometric reference points, such as the juncture of the frontal and nasal bones.
is typically the result of a medical condition or accident in an individual's life which leaves them with any distortion, malformation, or perceived abnormality of their facial features. A type of disfigurement.
is one of the many applications of electromyography, where the various levels of endogenous electrical activity of any muscle groups which make up the facial structure can be measured accurately using electrodes.
was first theorized and discussed by the British biologist Charles Darwin (1809 - 1882) as a form of communication between individual's through non-verbal signalling through the manipulation of various facial muscles.
was first proposed by U.S. psychologists Sylvan S. Tomkins (1911 - 1991) and Carroll F. Izard (1923 - ) as a hypothesis where afferent information from facial muscleas are dependent on intrapsychic feeling states such as anger and joy.