is a participant to a study which is not aware of the experimental hypothesis and who has not participated in study before.
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are ideas about a person or object which are normally held implicitly rather than explicitly. They are a collection of ideas which lay people tend to hold about specific traits.
is the philosophical position which states that ones sense perceptions provides direct evidence and therefore knowledge of an external reality, which is not conditioned by ones perceptual apparatus or individual perspective. The arrival of Cartesian beliefs has rendered this position as untenable for most philosophers.
precipitates withdrawal symptoms if opiates have been used recently. It is therefore used as a test to examine a patient or a prisoners abstinence from opiate based drugs.
prevents the binding of opioid drugs to opioid receptors in the body. Naloxone is a morphine based opioid antagonist which can be used to reverse the effects of opioid overdose in emergency situations.
is an association which is observed in cases of Schizophrenia where patients will related to only their immediate surroundings opposed to the outside world as well.
are used to assess an individuals level of language impairment (if any) and if there is any difficulty when recalling general knowledge. Participants are showed objects or pictures and asked to assign it a correct name.
is used to measure wavelengths of light in the electromagnetic spectrum from 400 to 700,111,11.
prevents the binding of opioid drugs to opioid receptors in the body. Narcannaltrexone is a morphine based opioid antagonist which can, similarly to other opioid antagonists, be used to reverse the effects, or even prepare the body for an injection of an opiate based drug. If taken prior to an opioid, the narcannaltrexone will reduce the effects of the opioid whilst is fills the opioid binding sites.
is described as an exaggerated opinions of ones own contribution to society or group, otherwise known as an excessive self-love or even egocentric personality.