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PROPHYLACTIC SURGERY

Written by Pam MS, NCSP | Fact checked by Psychology Dictionary staff 

Prophylactic surgery is surgery performed in anticipation of the onset of a particular disease or condition in the organ or area of the body removed. Prophylactic surgery has been used by women with a family predisposition to breast cancer. Women in these instances may choose to have a mastectomy believing that their odds of getting breast cancer are unacceptably high.

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PSYCHOONCOLOGY

Written by Pam MS, NCSP | Fact checked by Psychology Dictionary staff 

The study of psychological responses to cancer. These responses are studied as to how they relate to risk, detection, course treatment and the chances of survival for individuals with cancer and further examines the response of friends, family and associates of patients with the disease.

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RADIATION THERAPY

Written by Pam MS, NCSP | Fact checked by Psychology Dictionary staff 

Also called radiotherapy, radiation therapy is primarily used in the treatment of cancers. A radioactive isotope may be implanted, or the area to be treated may be bombarded by a stream of radiation.

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RUBINSTEIN-TAYBI SYNDROME (RSTS RTS)

Written by Pam MS, NCSP | Fact checked by Psychology Dictionary staff 

Disease identified by small stature, medium to serious mental retardation, distinct facial characteristics, and wide thumbs and first toes. Additional features of the syndrome differ among sufferers. Individuals with this disorder possess a greater chance of getting noncancerous and cancerous growths, leukemia, and lymphoma. This disorder is hereditary in an autosomal dominant structure; it is rare, taking place in approximately 1 in 125,000 births.

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STANOLONE

Written by Pam MS, NCSP | Fact checked by Psychology Dictionary staff 

a semi-synthetic form of dihydrotestosterone used to treat some breast cancers.

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VIRUS

Written by Pam MS, NCSP | Fact checked by Psychology Dictionary staff 

noun. 1. a microscopic parasitic compound which contains an RNA or DNA center encompassed by a safeguarding protein coating. As viruses can't multiply or reproduce without invading a living host cell in a living being to do so, they are usually thought to be non-living. Viral infection is accountable for a multitude of human diseases and illnesses, inclusive of mumps, the flu, AIDS, poliomyelitis, and various types of cancer. 2. a computer program modeled to interrupt the operating of other programs or to confuse or disassemble computer files. It gains entry to programs surreptitiously, frequently by way of an attachment to a seemingly problem-free e-mail. Viruses are commonly made to spread from computer to computer; for this reason, they can be very destructive.

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VULVECTOMY

Written by Pam MS, NCSP | Fact checked by Psychology Dictionary staff 

noun. the surgical removal of all or a portion of the vulva . A vulvectomy is carried out as a type of remediation for cancer of the vulva. It is additionally carried out as a traditional custom in some cultures.

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WERNICKE'S ENCEPHALOPATHY

Written by Pam MS, NCSP | Fact checked by Psychology Dictionary staff 

a neurological disorder elicited by a deficiency of vitamin B. The principal indicators are confusion, occulomotor irregularities, and ataxia. The disorder is most often correlated to persistent alcoholism but is additionally seen in instances of gastric cancer, pernicious anemia, and malnutrition. These indicators often are corrected with thiamine remediation, even though most people then grow serious anterograde and retrograde amnesia in addition to disability in other regions of mental operating, inclusive of executive operates . Commonly referred to as cerebral beriberi.

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XERODERMA PIGMENTOSUM

Written by Pam MS, NCSP | Fact checked by Psychology Dictionary staff 

a syndrome acquired as an autosomal recessive trait and characterized by severe photosensitivity. It is elicited by a flaw in the capacity of the body to heal injury to DNA stemming from exposure to UV light, that generates cancerous alterations in skin cells and escalated mortality. Dwarfism, microcephaly, and cognitive retardation might also exist.

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