Archive | PCP RSS feed for this section

APOPLECTICUS

Written by Pam MS, NCSP | Fact checked by Psychology Dictionary staff 

A form of the word apoplectic, meaning enraged. |defined by Greek physician Hippocrates (c. 460-c. 311 BCE)

Continue Reading · Comments { 0 }

ASSISTED DEATH

Written by Pam MS, NCSP | Fact checked by Psychology Dictionary staff 

one person assisting the other to commit suicide, by mutual agreement. This action can take the form of assisted suicide, passive euthanasia or active euthanasia. Assisted death differs from a mercy killing because it is generally performed by a physician as opposed to a friend. Therefore, this is sometimes called physician-assisted suicide. See also euthanasia.

Continue Reading · Comments { 0 }

ASSOCIATION FOR RESEARCH IN OTOLARYNGOLOGY (ARO)

Written by Pam MS, NCSP | Fact checked by Psychology Dictionary staff 

an association of scientists and physicians who collectively perform and share research on hearing, balance, speech, taste, and smell. The ARO publishes the Journal of the Association for Research in Otolamigology.

Continue Reading · Comments { 0 }

ATTACHMENT BOND

Written by Pam MS, NCSP | Fact checked by Psychology Dictionary staff 

the primary, enduring, relationship that gradually develops between an infant and his or her caregiver.

Continue Reading · Comments { 0 }

AUBERT PHENOMENON

Written by Pam MS, NCSP | Fact checked by Psychology Dictionary staff 

the illusion that occurs when a vertical line appears to tilt in the opposing direction from the direction the head is tilted when viewing it. Also known as the Aubert illusion. [Hermann Aubert (1826-1892), German physician|

Continue Reading · Comments { 0 }

BALINT'S SYNDROME

Written by Pam MS, NCSP | Fact checked by Psychology Dictionary staff 

is the name for a disorder, resulting from lesions in the parieto-occipital portion of the brain, which causes optic ataxia, visual attention disorders, and psychogenic paralysis of visual fixation (inability to change visual gaze). Individuals with this disorder have difficulty attending to more than one object at a time, although they can correctly identify each object in a display. For example, when shown a scene, the individual may focus on one object at a time within the scene and not be able to process the entire scene or its meaning - so part instead of holistic processing. See also psychic paralysis of visual ideation. [first described in 1909 by Rudolf Balint (1874-1929), Hungarian physician]

Continue Reading · Comments { 0 }

BAQUET

Written by Pam MS, NCSP | Fact checked by Psychology Dictionary staff 

n. a large covered container filled with water, ground glass, and magnetized iron filings, along with bottles and metal rods protruding from this contraption. Attributed to Austrian physician Anton Mesmer (1734-1815) and used in the treatment of patients manifesting symptoms of hysteria. By placing these iron rods over affected areas, they facilitated healing through magnetic energy. See animal magnetism- also mesmerism.

Continue Reading · Comments { 0 }

BAQUET

Written by Pam MS, NCSP | Fact checked by Psychology Dictionary staff 

n. A large, shallow, covered container filled with individually or a mixture of- water, iron filings, ground glass from bottles through which metal rods protruded through. Used primarily by Austrian Physician Anton Mesmer (1834 - 1815) who directed patients to place ailing limbs on the rods which would then be cured through magnetism.

Continue Reading · Comments { 0 }

BARANY TEST

Written by Pam MS, NCSP | Fact checked by Psychology Dictionary staff 

n. a test used for detecting diseases related to the function of the semi-circular canals in the inner ear. Devised by Austrian physician Robert Barany (1876-1936), the subject is made to spin in a special swiveling chair (Barany chair). The head is oriented on a plane in which the three canals are vertical to the actual direction of rotation. This results in an involuntary eye movement known as nystagmus. Also called Barany method.

Continue Reading · Comments { 0 }

BATTERED-CHILD SYNDROME

Written by Pam MS, NCSP | Fact checked by Psychology Dictionary staff 

n. a combination of physical injuries and post traumatic conditions in a child as a result of repeated, intentional physical &/or sexual abuse. Instigated by parents and other primary caregivers, this abuse extends to emotional, educational, and nutritional neglect. The syndrome itself manifests as a disease characterized by intellectual problems and difficulty in forming attachments. See child abuse.

Continue Reading · Comments { 0 }