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R-S INTERVAL

Written by Pam MS, NCSP | Fact checked by Psychology Dictionary staff 

Abbreviated form of response-shock interval.

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R-S RELATIONSHIP

Written by Pam MS, NCSP | Fact checked by Psychology Dictionary staff 

Correlation between reaction and stimulation, as with studies in which a particular reaction by an organism generates a specific alternation in the stimulus setting, for example reinforcement or to avoid harsh stimuli.

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R-STRATEGY

Written by Pam MS, NCSP | Fact checked by Psychology Dictionary staff 

Reproductive technique that entails an elevated tempo of reproduction with minimal parental expenditure. It means increasing the pace of reproduction as well as creating a comparatively large number of offspring results in reproductive achievement as compared to creating just a few offspring that demand higher levels of parental expenditure.

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R-TECHNIQUE FACTOR ANALYSIS

Written by Pam MS, NCSP | Fact checked by Psychology Dictionary staff 

Component evaluation of an association matrix wherein changeable quantities are interconnected; or rather, associations between the factors themselves are analyzed.

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RABBIT-DUCK FIGURE

Written by Pam MS, NCSP | Fact checked by Psychology Dictionary staff 

An animal figure, that depending on perspective, could either look like a duck or a rabbit. The figure appears as a duck or as a rabbit but never both at the same time.

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RABIES

Written by Pam MS, NCSP | Fact checked by Psychology Dictionary staff 

Originally called hydrophobia, rabies is not a phobia at all. It is a virulent infectious disease transmitted from animals to humans, usually through a bite or other transfer of infected saliva. Symptoms include pain, fever, excessive salivation (foaming at the mouth) hallucination and paralysis of the muscles. Once the infection establishes in the brain, death occurs within 2-10 days. There is a vaccine available. The name hydrophobia comes from the victim's aversion to drinking water due to spasmodic response while swallowing.

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RABIES ENCEPHALITIS

Written by Pam MS, NCSP | Fact checked by Psychology Dictionary staff 

Inflammation of the brain caused by rabies virus transmitted through an animal bite.

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RACE NORMING

Written by Pam MS, NCSP | Fact checked by Psychology Dictionary staff 

A practice in personnel selection where a different cut-off score is assigned to an applicant depending on their race. It is an illegal practice and is banned on the local, state and federal level by civil rights legislation.

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RACE PSYCHOLOGY

Written by Pam MS, NCSP | Fact checked by Psychology Dictionary staff 

An attempt to show an empirical difference between the races. It is now obsolete and has no basis.

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RACHISCHISIS

Written by Pam MS, NCSP | Fact checked by Psychology Dictionary staff 

A birth defect in which a fissure appears in the spinal column. Think spina bifida.

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