Abbreviation denoting sadism and masochism. See also: sadomasochism.
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Abbreviated designation for a specific or special factor which has been established using factor analysis in abilities testing; a specific test helps determine which particular factor is needed to achieve favorable completion within a rated skill set.
Recurrent period of deep sleep distinguished by the presence of slow brain waves and by very little dreaming. Compare with: D sleep.
Nutritional supplement marketed under the Gumbaral, Samyr, Adomet, Heptral and Admethionine brand names as a prescription drug approved in Russia, Italy, and Germany. Preliminary research suggests SAM may have therapeutic potential in treating Alzheimer's patients and a recent study using a mouse model of Alzheimer's found that supplementary SAM prevented oxidative damage and cognitive impairment.
Shortened form of stimulus-organism-response. This emphasises the role of the organism and its drive and characteristics. The model is applied to learning and perception. See SOR psychology; dynamic psychology. Compare SR learning model; SR psychology.
S-O-R psychology is the abbreviation for stimulus-organism-response psychology. It deals with how an organism will respond to a stimulus. The O factors in this abbreviation could be biological or psychological.
a hypothesis that says learning leads to forming stimulus-response connections and is used in Pavlovian conditioning. In instrumental conditioning, the link is between the discriminative stimulus and the response
the approach to psychology that conceptualizes behaviour in terms of stimulus and response. The fundamental goal is describing functional relationships between stimulus and response. S-R theories are behavioural and not cognitive.
a hypothesis that says associations are acquired between a discriminative stimulus and an instrumental response and the outcome. In psychology, commonly it is known as S-R-O learning model.
a stimulus-stimulus learning model that uses cognitive skills to form associations between stimuli. roi- man