Written by Pam MS, NCSP | Fact checked by Psychology Dictionary staff 

data processing which progresses from a hypothesis about what a stimulant may be to a judgment about whether the hypothesis is supported by an incoming stimulant. In this kind of processing, an individual's higher level knowledge, concepts, or at expectations impact the processing of lower level data.

TOP-DOWN PROCESSING: "Top-down processing will be discussed further closer to the end of the semester."

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