EXTRAVERSION (Extroversion)

The tendency to direct one's interest and energies towards the outer world of people and things as opposed to the inner world of the self and subjective experience.Extraversion figures prominently in Carl Jung’s psychology, since he considered the extravert as one of the two basic personality types, correlative with the introvert. Individuals with strong extraversive tendencies are outgoing, sociable, energetic, and more interested in action and practical realities than in abstract ideas. They tend to be emotionally responsive, self-confident, and express their feelings freely and naturally, but usually without the sensitivity of introversive individuals.Jung made a distinction between four subtypes of extravert, according to the predominance of one or another fundamental psychological process. The sub- types include extraverted thinking, extraverted feeling, extraverted sensation and extraverted intuitive individuals. He divided introversion in the same manner. Freud also used the terms introversion and extraversion, but did not regard them as the basis for personality types. Jung and Freud both defined these characteristics in terms of the direction in which the libido expresses itself, whether inwardly or outwardly. However, Freud defines this basic energy in erotic, pleasure-seeking terms, while Jung defines it in terms of a general vital energy.

Cite this page: Nugent, Pam M.S., "EXTRAVERSION (Extroversion)," in PsychologyDictionary.org, November 28, 2018, https://psychologydictionary.org/extraversion-extroversion-2/ (accessed January 20, 2019).
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