ADOLESCENCE (Theories)

Adolescence is probably the most controversial of all periods of human development. Since the beginning of this century literally dozens of theories have been...

AUGMENTATION PRINCIPLE

in attribution theory, the principle that if someone performs an action when there are known constraints, his or her motive for acting must be...

ADULTHOOD

the timeframe of growth when physical maturation is has been attained and specific biologic, mental, cultural, individual characteristics, and various other developments concerned with...

ANIMISTIC THINKING

as an integral part of Jean Piaget's theory of cognitive development, this type of thinking is most often seen in children who are in...

ANTISOCIAL REACTION

A form of “socio- pathic personality disturbance” characterized by impulsive, egocentric, unethical behavior.The antisocial, or psychopathic, individual acts as if he has no conscience,...

AWFULIZING

n. refers to an irrational and dramatic thought pattern, characterized by the tendency to overestimate the potential seriousness or negative consequences of events, situations,...

AUDIOVISUAL TRAINING

instruction or training using audio aids, visual aids, or both. Examples of such include films, slides, filmstrips, videotapes, audiotapes, television, and computers. This is...

ARTIFACT IN RESEARCH

an extraneous and unintended factor affecting the results of research, especially one associated with the researcher (e.g., expectations, personality) or with the participant (e.g.,...

ARBITRARY SYMBOL

a linguistic sign, for example, a verbally spoken word, that bears no obvious resemblance to the thing or concept signified. Because the vast majority...

APPROACH MOTIVATION

motivation stemming from the expectation or desiring of a reward, which is a condition for goal-directed behavior.

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