APPLIED LINGUISTICS

the application of linguistic methods to practical cases. Typical contexts for this concept include language teaching, the treatment of language disorders, and research into...

APPROACH

n. a particular strategy or means of study used to achieve a goal or purpose. Also refers to the movement of an organism toward...

APROSEXIA

n. refers to a loss of ability to focus attention in a meaningful way, due to a brain lesion or psychiatric disorder.

ARBITRARY SYMBOL

a linguistic sign, for example, a verbally spoken word, that bears no obvious resemblance to the thing or concept signified. Because the vast majority...

ARCHIVE

n. a relatively permanent repository of data or material, for example, a data bank stored on a computer.

ARGYLL ROBERTSON PUPIL

a pupil that does not respond to light and reacts slowly to drugs that induce pupil contraction, but responds to accommodation within the normal...

ARNOLD-CHIARI MALFORMATION

a congenital deformity in which the medulla oblongata and cerebellum protrude through the foramen magnum. This means that the cerebellum overlaps the top of...

AROUSAL TRANSFER

an increase in the intensity of one emotion that follows the experience of an initial emotion. For instance, the intensity of love may increase...

ARTERIOLE REACTION

a response controlled by the autonomic nervous system that changes the diameter of the arterioles. Since arterioles control the flow of blood from the...

ARTICULATORY PHONETICS

the branch of phonetics relating to the physiology of the articulatory mechanisms in human beings and the unique physical properties of human speech sounds....

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