ANTICIPATORY REGRET

feeling the negative consequences of a decision prior to the choice made: For example, an individual may decide not to gamble on a horse...

ALLOTRIOPHAGY

noun. a drive to consume improper foods or non nourishing products.

APATHY SYNDROME

describes a pattern of self-preserving emotional insulation (indifference or detachment) adopted by many prisoners- of-war, for example, in an effort to maintain their mental...

ADDITIVE BILINGUALISM

the sociolinguistic circumstance that occurs when another dialect is implemented by a speaking region while not having intimidated the presence or status of the...

AGONIST

noun. 1. a neurotransmitter, narcotic, chemical, or other stimulant that ties itself to a receptor spot and elicits a reaction, hence creating a physical...

ARBITRARY INFERENCE

a cognitive error whereby a person draws a conclusion that is either unrelated to or contradicted by the evidence at hand.

APPETITIVE CONDITIONING

a type of Pavlovian or classical conditioning in which the unconditioned stimulus is a positive reinforcer that plays to the appetite, for example, food.

ARBITRARY SYMBOL

a linguistic sign, for example, a verbally spoken word, that bears no obvious resemblance to the thing or concept signified. Because the vast majority...

AUDITORY MASKING

a reduction in the ability to detect, discriminate, or recognize a specific sound (the signal or target) due to interferences caused by another sound...

ATTENTION LEVEL

the degree to which a task is reportable or conscious. Tasks that produce high attention-level demands are likely to interfere with each other when...

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