ARBITRARY SYMBOL

a linguistic sign, for example, a verbally spoken word, that bears no obvious resemblance to the thing or concept signified. Because the vast majority...

AUTONOMIC HYPERACTIVITY

arousal of the autonomic nervous system (ANS), which results in physiological symptoms like anxiety and fear (e.g., sweating, palpitations, dry mouth, lightheadedness, upset stomach)....

ANIMAL INTELLIGENCE

a collection of cognitive abilities in animals that are typified by learning, problem solving, and higher-order cognition. Current researchers tend to argue against a...

AVOIDANCE

refers to the practice or an instance of keeping away from particular situations, activities, environments, individuals, things, or subjects of thought because of either...

AUTOMATICITY

a process that can be carried out rapidly and without effort or intention (an automatic process). This often occurs when a behavior has been...

AUTONOMY

n. refers to the state of independence and self- determination in an individual, a group, or a society. According to some theories, an inordinate...

AROUSAL

1. a state of physiological alertness and readiness for action. 2. a pervasive state of cortical responsiveness believed to be associated with sensory stimulation...

ACTIVATING EVENT

in logical emotive behavior treatment, a happening which is existing, former, or expected, that prompts irrational ideas and troublesome feelings,

ACTUARIAL RISK ASSESSMENT

a mathematically measured prediction of the potential of a person who will present a danger to other people or have interaction in select actions,...

ARTIFACT IN RESEARCH

an extraneous and unintended factor affecting the results of research, especially one associated with the researcher (e.g., expectations, personality) or with the participant (e.g.,...

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