ADAPTATION

1. modification of a sense organ to the force or even standard of stimulation, leading to a development where sensorial or perceptual encounters, such...

AFFILIATIVE NEED

proposed by American psychologist Henry Alexander Murray, the basic human urge to look for collaborative, unthreatening relationships with other people which appear like oneself...

ANNIHILATION

n. In psychoanalytic theory, this term refers to the complete destruction of the self. In object relations theory, this term is used to refer...

ANXIOUS-RESISTANT ATTACHMENT

in the strange situation experiment, designed by Mary Ainsworth, a form of insecure attachment whereby an infant appears anxious in the mother's presence, distressed...

APTITUDE TEST

an overall assessment instrument or test designed to measure (a) concrete abilities such as dexterity, visual acuity, and clerical performance- (b) abilities of related...

ATTENUATION THEORY

a part of the filter theory of attention, which proposes that unattended messages are attenuated (i.e., processed weakly) but not entirely blocked from further...

AUTOMATIC THOUGHTS

1. instantaneous, habitual, and unconscious thoughts that may affect a person's mood and actions. Helping clients evaluate the utility and objectivity of these thoughts...

AVERSIVE STIMULUS

refers to any stimulus or occurrence that evokes avoidance behavior or escape behavior in an individual. Also known as an aversive event. See also...

BASKING IN REFLECTED GLORY (BIRG-ING)

n. in social psychology, refers to the tendency to associate one's self with the success attained by others as though it were your own....

BEHAVIOR THERAPY

in psychotherapy, refers to a broad method which combines both the psychological and behavior analytical aspects of therapy. In particular, it applies principles such...

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