ANTIESTROGEN

a substance (e.g., tamoxifen) that lessens the physiological effects of estrogenic hormones on the tissues that are normally responsive to them. May function by...

ATTRIBUTABLE RISK

in epidemiology, the incidence rate of a disease or disorder that can be considered to have been caused by exposure to a specific risk...

BCL-2

n. a family of regulator proteins, first of which is the B-Cell Lymphoma-2 (BCL-2) gene. These are genes whose proteins and protein products help...

BRCA1 AND BRCA2

n. the first-two major cancer genes associated with a person's susceptibility to breast and ovarian cancer. In women with mutations in one of these...

CANCER

n. a group of pathological conditions characterized by the abnormal growth of cells. Locally, this abnormal mass may develop into a malignant tumor known...

CANCER PHOBIA

n. an irrational fear of cancer which pervades one's thoughts. The fear of developing cancer becomes all-consuming, and this is expressed as obsessive-compulsive...

CANDLELIGHTERS CHILDHOOD CANCER FOUNDATION

n. a non-profit organization which links families and children going through cancer. It provides information on childhood cancer treatment and related services. As a...

CARCINOGEN

n. any cancer-causing substance which a person ingests or comes in contact with, directly. Also, any cancer-initiating agent which someone gets exposed to, indirectly....

CRYPTORCHIDISM

noun. The state of a man whose testicles haven't lowered into the scrotum. It's not uncommon and doesn't hinder the normal hormonal operations that...

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