Extrovert Definition and Personality Traits

The average person is familiar with the common definition of extroversion. It’s the opposite of introversion. Bold versus shy, risk-taking


Severe psychiatric disorders found in primitive cultures but not in Western society. The term is usually applied to functional conditions


A form of depth psychotherapy developed by Karl A. Whitaker and Thomas P. Malone (1953), in which the patient achieves


This term is used for “those aspects of movement which are distinctive enough to differentiate one individual from another” (Allport

ELECTROSHOCK THERAPY (Elec- troconvulsive Therapy; EST, ECT)

Convulsive therapy was originated by the Hungarian psychiatrist, Ladislaus J. Meduna in 1935, after he had noted that epilepsy and

ESQUIROL, JEAN (1772-1840)

Es- quirol, an early exponent of the functional point of view and of humane treatment in psychiatry, was born in


The physical and developmental facts about urination and defecation are simple and clear-cut as compared to the amount of theory


The study of the nature of art and the art experience.Ever since Plato esthetics has been a province of philosophy,

EMOTION (General)

Emotions are intense “stirred up” feelings, usually directed toward a specific person or event, and involving widespread visceral and skeletal

EMOTION (Theories)

There appear to be three general aspects of emotional response. First, the perceptual or cortical aspect: the recognition of a


A personality-trait disturbance characterized by immaturity and lack of control over emotional reactions.In unstable persons minor obstacles or irritations produce

ENCOPRESIS (Enchopresis)

Involuntary defecation not caused by organic defect or illness.In our culture inability to control bowel function after the age of

ENERGIZER (Antidepressant)

A stimulating, mood-elevating drug used primarily in combating depressions.Two types of energizers, or “psychoanaleptics,” are in use today: MAO inhibitors,


A field of applied psychology devoted to technical aspects of the work process, particularly the improvement of methods of work,

ENTROPY (literally “turning toward or turning inward”)

A diminished capacity for spontaneous change; the inability to translate psychic or physical energy into a new form.In its psychiatric

ENURESIS (Bed-wetting)

Persistent involuntary discharge of urine, usually during sleep, after the age of three. Bed-wetting may occur every night, several times


An inflammation of brain tissue caused by a filterable virus, and sometimes associated with systemic infections such as measles, mumps,

EPILEPSY (Etiology and Therapy)

The primary symptoms of epilepsy, alterations of consciousness in association with convulsive movements, are produced by disturbances in the electrical

EPILEPSY (Symptoms and Types)

Epilepsy comprises a group of disorders characterized by transient, recurrent episodes of clouding or loss of consciousness, sometimes with convulsive

EQUILIBRIUM (Labyrinthine Sense; Vestibular Sense)

The sense of balance and position.Two sets of receptors in the inner ear, or “labyrinth,” are responsible for our senses