AMSTERDAM CRITERIA

the traditional requirements for recognizing a family with genetic nonpolyposis colorectal cancer. The requirements are marked by a three-two-one prototype: three people who have...

CRYPTORCHIDISM

noun. The state of a man whose testicles haven't lowered into the scrotum. It's not uncommon and doesn't hinder the normal hormonal operations that...

ANTIANDROGEN THERAPY

a type of medical treatment using anitandrogens to mitigate an excessive level of male hormones. Specifically, it may correct hair loss, prostrate cancer, and...

ANTIESTROGEN

a substance (e.g., tamoxifen) that lessens the physiological effects of estrogenic hormones on the tissues that are normally responsive to them. May function by...

ATTRIBUTABLE RISK

in epidemiology, the incidence rate of a disease or disorder that can be considered to have been caused by exposure to a specific risk...

BCL-2

n. a family of regulator proteins, first of which is the B-Cell Lymphoma-2 (BCL-2) gene. These are genes whose proteins and protein products help...

BRCA1 AND BRCA2

n. the first-two major cancer genes associated with a person's susceptibility to breast and ovarian cancer. In women with mutations in one of these...

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