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SYNESTHESIA (literally, “feeling to- gether”)

An experience in which two senses respond when only one is stimulated; also called crossed perception.About 5 to 10 per

SZONDI TEST

A projective test in which the subject examines a set of photographs of people with different types of mental disorder

STIMULUS-STIMULUS ASSOCIATION (S-S Association, Sensory-Sensory Association)

A learned association between two stimuli.S-S associations are commonly formed when we learn to use one stimulus as a cue

SUBITIZING

. Perceiving at a glance how many objects are presented without estimating or counting.It takes considerable time for children to

SHERRINGTON, CHARLES SCOTT(1857-1952)

Sherrington, to whom we owe much of our knowledge of nerve activity, obtained his medical degree in 1885, then devoted

SUBJECTIVE TONES

Auditory sensations or hallucinations in which certain notes or melodies are heard in the absence of external stimulation.A common type

SKIN SENSES (Cutaneous Sense)

The senses of warmth, cold, pain, and touch (pressure) located in the skin.Skin sensations are the source of relatively simple

SULLIVAN, HARRY STACK (1892- 1949)

Sullivan is chiefly noted for his “interpersonal theory,” an approach to personality and psychotherapy based on the crucial importance of

SMELL PRISM

A three-dimensional diagram representing six “primary” odors and their mixture.Scientists have not yet been able to pin down the physical

SUPPORTIVE THERAPY

A general form of psychological treatment aimed at reinforcing existing defenses and alleviating distress through techniques that operate on a

SOCIAL CLASS (Social Stratification)

A broad social grouping based upon level of prestige determined by such characteristics as occupation, income, family genealogy, moral standing,

SYMPATHISM

The defense mechanism of seeking emotional support through arousing sympathy. “Sympathy seeking” is more commonly used than sympathism.The individual dwells

SOCIAL NORM (Group Norms)

The standards by which behavior is judged in a given social group; the way the members of a group are

SOCIAL PSYCHIATRY

A broad area of psychiatric investigation and practice covering the relation between mental health and the social environment.The social viewpoint

SOCIOPATHIC PERSONALITY DISTURBANCE

A group of personality or character disorders marked primarily by failure to adapt to prevailing ethical and social standards and

SOMATOPSYCHIC DISORDERS

A term applied by some psychiatrists to psychological disturbances resulting from bodily disorders.An example is the post-encephalitic syndrome, in which

SOMNAMBULISM

A dissociative reaction in which repressed impulses, anxieties or conflicts are acted out during sleep.Somnambulism is more than merely walking

SPECIFIC ENERGIES

The view that the various kinds of sensory experience, such as touch, taste, and sight, are dependent on the specific

SPEECH DISORDERS

Marked deviations in the manner or content of speech. These deviations include speech that is not readily intelligible or audible;

SPINAL NERVES

The thirty-one pairs of nerves of the somatic nervous system, which enter and leave the spinal cord between the spinal