SATISFACTION OF INSTINCTS

Any meeting of basic needs (hunger, thirst, sex, or aggression) which eliminates anxiety and displeasure while restoring the organism to balance. Can occur...

SUBSTANCE DEPENDENCE

Mixture of emotional, physical and mental elements that show after prolonged use of certain substance. There is a design of repeated substance ingestion that...

SOCIAL FORCE

applied to any global, systemic and powerful process that influences people in social settings. See social influence.

SPHYGMOMANOMETER

This measures blood pressure.

SCHOLASTICISM

Less a philosophy or even a theology than an approach of education, scholasticism put a clear emphasis on dialectical thinking to expand information by...

STATISTICAL LEARNING THEORY

a theoretical approach using mathematical models to describe the learning processes. This term is applied to stimulus sampling theory.

SCOLIOSIS

Side-to-side curving of the spine, usually combined with a rotation of the vertebrae.

SHAPIRO-WILKS TEST

a statistical test that tests a hypothesis that a sample from a population will have normal distribution.

SET

Readiness to make a particular response to a stimulus situation; there are motor sets, perceptual sets, and mental sets. The term is usually reserved...

SECONDARY GAINS

In psychoanalysis, social, occupational, or interpersonal advantages that a patient derives from symptoms. Indirect benefit, usually obtained through an illness or debility. Such gains...

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