BACKUP REINFORCER

in behavior modification, this refers to a reward given to a client in return for tokens he or she has earned due to compliant...

BAD TRIP

refers to an acute psychotic episode that is caused by ingestion of hallucinogens. The episode may be marked by flashbacks at a later date....

BALLET TECHNIQUE

refers to a highly structured form of dance therapy.

BARANY TEST

n. a test used for detecting diseases related to the function of the semi-circular canals in the inner ear. Devised by Austrian physician Robert...

BARRIER-FREE ENVIRONMENT

n. an environment designed to be free of obstacles. It is friendly towards people who are physically disabled and cognitively impaired, thus, requiring the...

BASELINE

n. a line that serves as a basis or reference point for observing behavior. Because this behavioral performance is stable, it is often used...

BASIC REFLEXES

n. first and foremost, they are inherent sensorimotor responses to stimuli. Among the earliest to manifest, these are involuntary and not learned. They are,...

BATH THERAPY

n. a therapeutic form of medical treatment which makes use of water, specifically hot or cold water, sea water, bath salts, and other solutions...

BAYLEY, NANCY

U.S. psychologist made famous by her outstanding work in creating the Bayley Scales of Infant and Toddler Development. First published in 1969, with the...

BEFORE-AFTER DESIGN

n. in clinical study, refers to an experimental design which analyzes results before and after trials. A pre-test and then a post-test are administered...

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