BABINSKI REFLEX

the innate reflex occurring in a healthy infant whereby the toes extend upward when the sole of the foot is gently stimulated. This response...

BACLOFEN

n. refers to a skeletal muscle relaxant that inhibits transmission of synaptic reflexes at the spinal cord level. This drug is used in the...

BALANCED BILINGUAL

refers to a person who has proficiency in two languages to the extent that his or her skills for each language match those of...

BANDURA, ALBERT

(1925- ) Canadian-born U.S. psychologist. Born and raised in Alberta, Canada, Bandura received his PhD from the University of Iowa in 1952 under the...

BARGAINING STAGE

n. third among five stages in the dying process. First described by Elisabeth Kubler-Ross, a Swiss-born U.S. psychiatrist. Facing loss and death, a dying...

BARYPHONY

n. a difficulty in speech, synonymous with baryphonia. The quality of speech is characterized as that of having a thick and heavy voice.

BASIC ACHIEVEMENT SKILLS INDIVIDUAL SCREENER (BASIS)

n. a test designed to measure academic achievement and determine grade-level placement (1983). As to reading, the results are norm- and criterion-referenced. As to...

BASIC-LEVEL CATEGORY

n. in cognitive psychology, a category for which the most-frequently applied term is among the earliest learned and the most readily remembered. Being of...

BATTERING MEN'S EXCUSES

n. excuses which try to rationalize why men beat their women. Most men who physically abuse their wives or domestic partners usually claim that...

BECK ANXIETY INVENTORY (BAI)

n. a measure of anxiety as individually experienced by patients. As to severity, the anxiety can be measured through a 21-item, multiple-choice-question self-report. Designed...

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