EXTRANEOUS VARIABLE

is a variable which inadvertantly effects the course of an experiment, specifically the dependent variable, normally without the knowledge of the researchers, but nonetheless...

FIELD DEPENDENCE

cognitive style where the person relies on external cues rather than internal cues. These people are susceptible to deceptive cues when identifying known elements...

FORMATIVE EVALUATION

the name of the process that is concerned with helping to improve or guide the development of a program through the use of qualitative...

FRUSTRATIVE NONREWARD HYPOTHESIS

a proposition that consistently withholding reinforcement of responses during operant or instrumental conditioning leads to an internal state of frustration manifested in a variety...

GAME THEORY

model or paradigm used to understand the dynamics associated with personal conflict. Often used in theoretical modelling and empirical studies.

GROUP

1. Collection of people. 2. Social psychology. 2 or more people influencing each other. Also called social group. 3. organised collection of animals. 4....

INTEROCEPTIVE STIMULUS

the term that is applied to the stimulus arising from inside an organism. Examples of this stimulus includes headache, stomach ache and hunger pangs....

INTRINSIC REINFORCER

A response that produces a reinforcer that is naturally related to it. For example a natural sound is produced when you blow on a...

KNOWLEDGE FUNCTION OF AN ATTITUDE

A positive attitude toward a friend may assist in attributing that person's negative behaviour to situational factors rather that personal characteristics, and the role...

EXTRAPUNITIVE

with respect to reactive measures, can be actions which are directed at an individual who is perceived to be the source of another individual's...

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