WUNDT, WILHELM MAX, (1832— 1920)

Wundt, the founder of experimental psychology, was bom near Mannheim, the son of a Lutheran minister. After years of tutoring by his father’s assistant,...

WERNICKE’S SYNDROME

A brain disorder caused by a deficiency of vitamins, particularly thiamine and niacin; first described in 1881 by the German neurologist Carl Wernicke (1848-1905).The...

WERTHEIMER, MAX (1880-1943)

Wertheimer, originator of the Gestalt theory, was born in Prague, studied law at the universitythen became interested in psychology and philosophy. He obtained his...

WHITE, WILLIAM ALANSON (1870- 1937)

White, a leading figure in the development of American psychiatry, was bom in New York City and received his medical degree at Long Island...

WITHDRAWAL

A defensive reaction consisting of retreat from threatening situations and, in its pathological form, retreat from reality as a whole.There are many types and...

WITHDRAWAL SYMPTOMS

Mental and physical symptoms experienced when drugs are unavailable to individuals who have become addicted or habituated to them.These symptoms may be relatively mild,...

WAIST-TO-HIPS RATIO

the circumference of the waist divided by the circumference of the hips. This ratio is frequently utilized in cross-cultural analyses of attractiveness of an...

WAR PSYCHOLOGY

the employment of psychological standards and techniques to military situations and operatives during wartime. It encompasses human operations in a multitude of distressful...

WATERSHED ZONE

a zone which resides between the vascular distribution regions of two arteries. Even though the cerebral cortex is sufficiently supplied by arteries with...

WEBER'S EXPERIMENT

an experiment where it was shown that discrimination of weight was a constant fraction of 1/40 between two weights.

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