W

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WUNDT, WILHELM MAX, (1832— 1920)

Wundt, the founder of experimental psychology, was bom near Mannheim, the son of a Lutheran minister. After years of tutoring

WERNICKE’S SYNDROME

A brain disorder caused by a deficiency of vitamins, particularly thiamine and niacin; first described in 1881 by the German

WERTHEIMER, MAX (1880-1943)

Wertheimer, originator of the Gestalt theory, was born in Prague, studied law at the universitythen became interested in psychology and

WHITE, WILLIAM ALANSON (1870- 1937)

White, a leading figure in the development of American psychiatry, was bom in New York City and received his medical

WITHDRAWAL

A defensive reaction consisting of retreat from threatening situations and, in its pathological form, retreat from reality as a whole.There

WITHDRAWAL SYMPTOMS

Mental and physical symptoms experienced when drugs are unavailable to individuals who have become addicted or habituated to them.These symptoms

WAITING-LIST CONTROL GROUP

a management group, generally randomized, which will be recipient to the identical intervention chosen to the experimental groups but at

WAREHOUSING

noun. the practice of restraining people with cognitive disorders to large facilities for prolonged, frequently lifelong, custodial care. This colloquial

WATSON, JOHN BROADUS

an American psychologist. Watson attained his PhD from the University of Chicago, where he studied biology and neurophysiology, in addition

WEBER'S LAW

the law postulating that the strength and intensity required to identify modifications within a stimulant is correlated to the absolute

WEIGHTED ITEM

an object on a test or scale which is multiplied by a weight aside from 1.0 prior to ratings on

WERNICKE'S AREA

an area within the posterior temporal gyrus of the left hemisphere of the brain's cerebrum, consisting of nerve tissue correlated

WHIRL SENSATION

the feeling of spinning, which is innervated by the vestibular system.

WHOLE-LANGUAGE APPROACH

a top-down approach to teaching reading which stresses the reader's active creation of connotation.

WILL TO POWER 1

with regard to the individual psychology of Alfred Adler, the commitment to aim for superiority and dominance, which he argued

WITHDRAWAL-DESTRUCTIVENESS

noun. with regard to the psychoanalysis of Erich Fromm, a method of correlation based upon withdrawal and isolation from other

WOODCOCK-JOHNSON PSYCHOEDUCATIONAL BATTERY

an evaluation, now in its third edition, which gauges mental capacity and educational achievement in kids, youths, or adults. The

WORD-SUPERIORITY EFFECT (WSE)

the discovery which, when presented for a short period of time, one letter is more easily recognized within the context

WORKING MEMORY

a multi-component design of short-term or active memory which has a phonological loop to preserve verbal data, a visuospatial scratchpad

WORRY

a state of cognitive distress or worry because of concern over an impending or expected occurrence, risk, or threat.