FIRST-ORDER FACTOR

Used in factor analysis. Any factors that are derived from the correlation among the manifest variables, as opposed to second- order factors, which are...

FRUSTRATION

1. thwarting of impulses and actions. 2. Emotional state when thwarting happens. 3. Psychoanalytic theory. Damming up of psychic energy which seeks an outlet...

GENERAL PSYCHOLOGY

the study of the basic principles, problems and methods that underlie the science of psychology. Includes human development, emotions, motivation, learning, senses, perception, thinking,...

INTERPERSONAL PROCESS RECALL (IPR)

Method used to understand the process of psychotherapy and to train therapists and counsellors. Uses taping counselling and psychotherapy sessions that are later analysed...

ITEM VALIDITY

In a test or experiment the extent to which an individual item measures what it purports to measure.

FLAT AFFECT

a term used for the absence or apparent absence of emotional response to any situation or event. Also called emotional flatness; flattened affect; flattening...

FRUSTRATIVE NONREWARD HYPOTHESIS

a proposition that consistently withholding reinforcement of responses during operant or instrumental conditioning leads to an internal state of frustration manifested in a variety...

GENERALIZATION

1. Deriving a concept or theory from a number of specific cases, applying it widely. 2. Judgement derived and applied this way. 3. Conditioning...

INTERPRETATION

Psychotherapy. Explanation by therapist ion terms meaningful to the person and their issues, behaviours or feelings. Made along the lines of conceptual framework or...

JOHN HENRY EFFECT

an effect in which competitiveness between a control group and an experiment group to rivalry efforts that disturb the experiment.

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