SYNESTHESIA (literally, “feeling to- gether”)

An experience in which two senses respond when only one is stimulated; also called crossed perception.About 5 to 10 per cent of the general...

SZONDI TEST

A projective test in which the subject examines a set of photographs of people with different types of mental disorder and chooses those he...

STIMULUS-STIMULUS ASSOCIATION (S-S Association, Sensory-Sensory Association)

A learned association between two stimuli.S-S associations are commonly formed when we learn to use one stimulus as a cue to another. For example,...

SUBITIZING

. Perceiving at a glance how many objects are presented without estimating or counting.It takes considerable time for children to learn to count. Ordinarily...

SHERRINGTON, CHARLES SCOTT(1857-1952)

Sherrington, to whom we owe much of our knowledge of nerve activity, obtained his medical degree in 1885, then devoted himself to physiological research...

SUBJECTIVE TONES

Auditory sensations or hallucinations in which certain notes or melodies are heard in the absence of external stimulation.A common type of subjective tone is...

SKIN SENSES (Cutaneous Sense)

The senses of warmth, cold, pain, and touch (pressure) located in the skin.Skin sensations are the source of relatively simple experiences such as itching...

SULLIVAN, HARRY STACK (1892- 1949)

Sullivan is chiefly noted for his “interpersonal theory,” an approach to personality and psychotherapy based on the crucial importance of interactions with other people.Sullivan...

SMELL PRISM

A three-dimensional diagram representing six “primary” odors and their mixture.Scientists have not yet been able to pin down the physical and chemical makeup of...

SUPPORTIVE THERAPY

A general form of psychological treatment aimed at reinforcing existing defenses and alleviating distress through techniques that operate on a conscious level. It consists...

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