INTELLECTUALIZATION

The unconscious defense mechanism of concealing feelings through intellectual activity.Intellectualization takes many forms. One individual may protect himself from guilt feelings by “analyzing away”...

INDIVIDUAL TEST

A psychological test that is given to one subject at a time. The Wechsler Intelligence Scales, the Thematic Apperception Test, and the Stanford-Binet Test...

INFECTIOUS DISORDERS

A number of diseases have been found to produce acute, temporary brain disorders as a result of systemic infections that do not invade the...

INFERIORITY COMPLEX

A term used by Alfred Adler to denote strong feelings of inadequacy and insecurity stemming from real or fancied deficiencies of a physical, mental,...

INFERTTLITY

Inability to have children, to reproduce; sterility. The term infertile is usually applied to individuals who are relatively unable to have children, but who...

IATROGENIC ILLNESS

A disorder that is induced or aggravated by the physician.Suggestion plays a part in many psychological conditions, and a therapist may unwittingly produce symptoms...

INHIBITION

The process of restraining one’s impulses or desires.Inhibition may take place on either a conscious or unconscious level, or on both at once. An...

IDIOT SAVANT (“wise idiot”)

A retarded individual who shows unusual ability in one or more specialized activitiesThe term is a misnomer. Idiot savants are rarely idiots and never...

INSULIN SHOCK THERAPY

treatment for serious mental disorders in which prolonged periods of coma are induced by heavy doses of insulin.The technique was developed by the Austrian...

ILLUMINATION CONDITIONS

Our ability to perform tasks that require visual discrimination is greatly influenced by lighting conditions. But in determining the optimum level of light, the...

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