EXOTIC PSYCHOSES

Severe psychiatric disorders found in primitive cultures but not in Western society. The term is usually applied to functional conditions such as amok, latah,...

EXPERIENTIAL THERAPY

A form of depth psychotherapy developed by Karl A. Whitaker and Thomas P. Malone (1953), in which the patient achieves greater maturity largely through...

EXPRESSIVE BEHAVIOR

This term is used for “those aspects of movement which are distinctive enough to differentiate one individual from another” (Allport and Vernon, 1933). They...

EXTRAVERSION (Extroversion)

The tendency to direct one's interest and energies towards the outer world of people and things as opposed to the inner world of the...

ELECTROSHOCK THERAPY (Elec- troconvulsive Therapy; EST, ECT)

Convulsive therapy was originated by the Hungarian psychiatrist, Ladislaus J. Meduna in 1935, after he had noted that epilepsy and schizophrenia rarely occur together,...

ESQUIROL, JEAN (1772-1840)

Es- quirol, an early exponent of the functional point of view and of humane treatment in psychiatry, was born in Toulouse, France. After studying...

ELIMINATION DRIVES

The physical and developmental facts about urination and defecation are simple and clear-cut as compared to the amount of theory and emotional concern these...

ESTHETICS

The study of the nature of art and the art experience.Ever since Plato esthetics has been a province of philosophy, but from the time...

EMOTION (General)

Emotions are intense “stirred up” feelings, usually directed toward a specific person or event, and involving widespread visceral and skeletal changes.The feelings involved in...

EMOTION (Theories)

There appear to be three general aspects of emotional response. First, the perceptual or cortical aspect: the recognition of a situation as threatening, fearful,...

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