READINESS TESTS

Tests designed to predict how well an individual is prepared to profit from instruction in a particular field.Readiness tests are confined largely to reading...

READING DISABILITY (Paralexia, Dyslexia)

A general term applying to all cases in which a child’s reading skill is one or more years behind his intellectual development.Children with reading...

RECONSTRUCTIVE THERAPY

A general term for psychiatric treatment methods aimed at relieving emotional disturbance by altering the patient’s basic personality structure.Reconstructive therapy is contrasted with supportive...

RE-EDUCATION

A form or stage of psychologial treatment in which the patient is taught—or, better, given an opportunity to learn for himself—more effective ways of...

REGRESSION

The unconscious defense mechanism of reverting to immature behavior.When threatened with external problems or internal conflicts which they cannot cope with, some individuals return...

REHABILITATION (Psychiatric)

Rehabilitation may be defined as the process of helping an individual who has had a physical or mental disorder to participate in society to...

REINFORCEMENT (Reward and Punishment)

Any procedure that increases the strength of a conditioning or other learning process.The concept of reinforcement has different meanings in classical and operant conditioning....

REPETITION-COMPULSION

A psychoanalytic term for the tendency to repeat past behavior and, more narrowly, to relive disturbing experiences.Freud viewed repetition-compulsion as an unconscious, instinctual impulse...

RETICULAR FORMATION (Reticular Activating System, RAS)

A network of nerve cells deep in the middle of the brain (plate 1), extending from lower to higher centers; a structure involved in...

ROLE PLAYING (Sociodrama)

A technique of human relations training and psychotherapy in which the individual acts out social roles of other people, or tries out new roles...

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