REHABILITATION (Psychiatric)

Rehabilitation may be defined as the process of helping an individual who has had a physical or mental disorder to participate in society to...

REINFORCEMENT (Reward and Punishment)

Any procedure that increases the strength of a conditioning or other learning process.The concept of reinforcement has different meanings in classical and operant conditioning....

REPETITION-COMPULSION

A psychoanalytic term for the tendency to repeat past behavior and, more narrowly, to relive disturbing experiences.Freud viewed repetition-compulsion as an unconscious, instinctual impulse...

RETICULAR FORMATION (Reticular Activating System, RAS)

A network of nerve cells deep in the middle of the brain (plate 1), extending from lower to higher centers; a structure involved in...

ROLE PLAYING (Sociodrama)

A technique of human relations training and psychotherapy in which the individual acts out social roles of other people, or tries out new roles...

RORSCHACH TEST

A projective technique in which responses to standard inkblots are professionally interpreted.The Rorschach test is based on the common human tendency to react emotionally...

ROSENZWEIG PICTURE-FRUSTRATION STUDY (P-F)

A projective test which assesses patterns of reaction to typical stress situations.It is an all-too-obvious fact that frustrating experiences are a common feature of...

RAY, ISAAC (1807—81)

After receiving his medical degree from Bowdoin College in 1827, Ray entered upon a career that was to make him one of the most...

RUSH, BENJAMIN (1746-1813)

Rush, the first American psychiatrist, was born in Pennsylvania and graduated from the College of New Jersey (now Princeton). He then went on to...

RAYNAUD’S DISEASE

A psychophysiologic disorder of the circulatory system involving blanching, swelling and /or cyanosis (blue appearance due to a lack of oxygen) of the fingers...

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