EXTRINSIC REINFORCER

is the binary opposite to an intrinsic reinforcer. An extrinsic reinforcer is directly related to the reward which stems from it. For example, in...

FETAL TOBACCO SYNDROME

a condition in infants born to mothers who smoked excessively during pregnancy and is marked by low birth weight.

FOOD ADDICTION

the name given to an eating disturbance where a person is preoccupied with weight, body image and food. Food is a source of pleasure....

FRIENDSHIP NETWORK

the term that is applied to the interconnected relationships among a group of friends who provide social and emotional support for each other.

FUNCTIONALISM

a general psychological approach that views mental life and behavior in terms of active adaptation to environmental challenges and opportunities. Developed at Chicago university...

GESTURE

1. this is a movement that can indicate a meaning or attitude. A wave is an example. See non-verbal behaviour. See emblem; iconic gesture....

GROUP COUNSELING

method used to support and guide people with similar problems or issues such as school students seeking advice about suitable careers or alcoholics meeting...

INTERMEDIATE CARE FACILITY (ICF)

Facility providing appropriate levels of nursing and medical care to individuals who do not require the care and treatment provided by a hospital or...

INTERVENTION

1. Deal with the issues and an action on part of the therapist for the client and their problems. When guided by the nature...

INVERTED-U HYPOTHESIS

Performance and motivation and the proposed correlation between them, the performance is poorest when motivation or arousal at very high or low states. It...

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