ORGANICISM (Organic Viewpoint)

The theory that all disorders, both physical and mental, have an organic basis.Those who adhere to this point of view in psychiatry hold that...

ORGANISMIC THEORY

A holistic theory of personality developed primarily by Kurt Goldstein (1879-1965).Organismic theory views the individual as a totality and emphasizes the integration of personality....

ORGAN NEUROSIS

The psychoanalytic term for a neurosis in which bodily disturbances are prominent symptoms.The term recognizes the fact that unconscious mental processes can produce such...

ORGONE THERAPY (Vegetother- apy)

The therapeutic approach of Wilhelm Reich (1897-1957), based on the dissipation of sexual tensions through the attainment of full orgasm.Reich was originally a member...

OSS ASSESSMENT TESTS

A series of personality tests, primarily of the situational type, devised for the selection of candidates for strategic missions during World War II.When the...

OVERPROTECTION (“Momlsm”)

Every young child needs a great deal of care, attention, and “mothering,” and every older child needs help and guidance in meeting the situations...

OCCUPATIONAL PSYCHIATRY (Industrial Psychiatry)

The practice of psychiatry in a work setting, on either a full-time or consultative basis.This growing field represents “a promising meeting-ground between preventive psychiatry...

OCCUPATIONAL THERAPY

A form of supportive therapy consisting of activities involving skill, such as weaving or typing.The primary purpose of occupational therapy is to further the...

ODDITY METHOD

A procedure for testing the ability to use concepts. A subject is presented with three or more items to see if he can pick...

OEDIPUS COMPLEX (Oedipus Situation)

In psychoanalytic theory, the erotic attachment of the son for the mother, accompanied by attitudes of rivalry and hostility toward the father. The corresponding...

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