PHYSIOGNOMY

The attempt to “read” personality from outward appearance, especially from the facial features Physiognomy is at least as old as Aristotle, who is believed...

PICA

A craving for unnatural foods such as clay, plaster, ashes, hair, starch, and dirt. The term derives from the word for magpie, a bird...

PICK’S DISEASE

A rare degenerative disease of the brain, first described in 1892 by the Czech psychiatrist Arnold Pick (1867-1926).The disease occurs between the ages of...

PONS

A protruding part of the brain stem just above the medulla (plate 1).The pons is part of the hindbrain, the oldest portion of the...

PRECONSCIOUS

psychoanalytic term for thoughts which are not presently in awareness, but which can be recalled more or less readily.The preconscious includes images, ideas or...

PRENATAL DEVELOPMENT

In recent years there has been a growing realization that the period between conception and birth is a crucial one for the development of...

PRIMARY GAIN

The basic psychological benefit derived from neurotic symptoms.According to many theorists, and particularly Freud, neurotic symptoms serve the primary purpose of relieving or controlling...

PSYCHIATRIC AIDE

A trained individual who attends to the nonmedical needs of psychiatric patientsThe attendant, or psychiatric aide, is generally in more direct and continuous contact...

PSYCHOMOTOR EXCITEMENT

A general state of physical and psychological overactivity.The excited patient is constantly on the move but totally unproductive because he constantly shifts from activity...

PSYCHONEUROSIS

A functional personality disorder characterized by disturbing emotional symptoms such as morbid fears, obsessive thoughts, or depressive states, but without gross personality disorganization or...

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