PERSONALITY TRAIT THEORY

An approach to personality description originated by Raymond B. Cattell, based on an analysis of characteristics into surface traits and source traits.A trait is...

PHANTOM REACTION

A psychological disturbance occurring in individuals who have lost a limb or other body part. The reaction consists of various annoying or painful sensations...

PHYSIOGNOMIC PERCEPTION

A term applied by Heinz Werner to the tendency to view the world in the light of emotional and motor qualities—that is, to endow...

PHYSIOGNOMY

The attempt to “read” personality from outward appearance, especially from the facial features Physiognomy is at least as old as Aristotle, who is believed...

PICA

A craving for unnatural foods such as clay, plaster, ashes, hair, starch, and dirt. The term derives from the word for magpie, a bird...

PICK’S DISEASE

A rare degenerative disease of the brain, first described in 1892 by the Czech psychiatrist Arnold Pick (1867-1926).The disease occurs between the ages of...

PARANOID STATES

A psychotic disorder characterized by transient, poorly systematized delusions.Paranoid states appear to be intermediate between “true” paranoia and paranoid schizophrenia. The delusions are usually...

PARATHYROID GLANDS

Two pairs of small endocrine glands adjacent to the thyroid gland in the neck, which regulate calcium metabolism and maintain the normal excitability of...

PARKINSON’S DISEASE

A chronic degenerative disease of the central nervous system, usually occurring between the ages of fifty and seventy. Atrophy takes place primarily in the...

PASSIVE-AGGRESSIVE PERSONALITY

A personality trait disturbance characterized by immaturity and failure to develop an adequate balance between dependence and independence, and between aggressiveness and submissiveness.This failure...

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