PRECONSCIOUS

psychoanalytic term for thoughts which are not presently in awareness, but which can be recalled more or less readily.The preconscious includes images, ideas or...

PRENATAL DEVELOPMENT

In recent years there has been a growing realization that the period between conception and birth is a crucial one for the development of...

PRIMARY GAIN

The basic psychological benefit derived from neurotic symptoms.According to many theorists, and particularly Freud, neurotic symptoms serve the primary purpose of relieving or controlling...

PSYCHIATRIC AIDE

A trained individual who attends to the nonmedical needs of psychiatric patientsThe attendant, or psychiatric aide, is generally in more direct and continuous contact...

PSYCHOMOTOR EXCITEMENT

A general state of physical and psychological overactivity.The excited patient is constantly on the move but totally unproductive because he constantly shifts from activity...

PSYCHONEUROSIS

A functional personality disorder characterized by disturbing emotional symptoms such as morbid fears, obsessive thoughts, or depressive states, but without gross personality disorganization or...

PEPTIC ULCER

A craterlike wound in the inner wall of the stomach or duodenum resulting from the corrosive effects of acid-containing digestive juices. Although certain types...

PERPLEXITY STATES

A form of mental confusion in which the patient is assailed with doubt and uncertainty about his own thoughts.Perplexity is one of the more...

PAIN DRIVE

drive directed to the removal of noxious stimulation.This basic drive is activated by special sense organs in the form of free nerve endings embedded...

PAIRED ASSOCIATES LEARNING

A technique for studying learning. Words, syllables, digits, or other items are learned in pairs, and the subject is later tested on his ability...

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