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COLOR SOLID

A three-dimensional figure representing all degrees and combinations of hue, saturation, and brightness in the perception of color; also called

CINGULATE GYRUS (Literally “ring- shaped ridge”)

The cortical part of the limbic system of the brain, lying just above the corpus callosum (plate 1).Although the functions

CIRCUMSTANTIALITY

Circuitous, “labyrinthine” speech; the inclusion of numerous trivial and often irrelevant details in relating an incident, explaining a point, or

CIVILIAN CATASTROPHE REACTIONS

Transient situational personality disorders resulting from severely traumatic experiences in civilian life, classified by the American Psychiatric Association (1952) under

CLANG ASSOCIATION

An association of words or ideas by similarity of sound.Young children often use clang associations when they talk or sing

CLIENT-CENTERED THERAPY

The nondirective approach developed by Carl Rogers, in which psychotherapy is viewed as an opportunity for the patient to grow

CLINICAL PSYCHOLOGY

A field of psychology devoted to psychological methods of diagnosing and treating mental and emotional disorders, as well as research

CLOUDING OF CONSCIOUSNESS

A mental disturbance in which the individual is unable to perceive, understand, and think clearly.When a patient’s consciousness becomes clouded

CLUTTERING (Tachyphemia)

Excessively rapid, arhythmic speech with a tendency to stutter, jumble words, omit syllables, and reverse parts of words. According to

COCAINE HABITUATION

Psychological dependence on cocaine resulting in habitual use.Cocaine, a drug derived from the leaves of the coca plant and long

COGNITIVE DISSONANCE (Dissonance Theory)

A state of conflict occurring when beliefs or assumptions are contradicted by new information. Dissonance theory holds that the conflict

COLITIS

There are two principal diseases of the colon, or large intestine: mucous colitis and ulcerative colitis. Since both may be

COLLECTIVE UNCONSCIOUS

A Jungian term denoting the portion of the unconscious which is common to all mankind. It is also called the

CANAJLIZATION

A tendency to channel needs into specific, fixed gratifications.The hunger drive is unselective in the first few years. Young children

CANNON, WALTER BRADFORD (1871-1945)

Cannon, America’s foremost physiologist, was associated with the Harvard Medical School during his entire career—first as student, then as instructor

CATTELL, JAMES iMcKEEN (1860- 1944)

Cattell did more than any psychologist of his time to advance the cause of experimental psychology in this country. He

CEREA FLEXIBILITAS (Waxy Flexibility)

A common symptom of catatonic schizophrenia in which the limbs of the patient remain in any position in which they

CEREBELLUM

A roughly spherical part of the hindbrain, located beneath the cerebral hemispheres (plate 1). The structure gets its name, which

CEREBRAL CORTEX

The gray “bark,” or surface layer of the cerebral hemispheres, containing the nerve cells involved in the higher mental processes.

CHARACTER DEVELOPMENT

As used here, character development refers to the development of conscience, moral concepts, religious values, and social attitudes in the