COMMUNITY PSYCHIATRY

A recently developed specialty defined byHume (1966) as “the maximum utilization of community resources in the identification, treatment, or rehabilitation of the mentally ill...

COMPENSATION

The tendency to develop strength in one area to offset weakness in anotherCompensation may be a deliberate, conscious reaction, an unconscious defense mechanism, or...

COMPENSATION NEUROSIS (Accident Neurosis)

A psychoneurotic reaction following a real or presumed disability which involves the question of financial compensation for injury or disease.Compensation neurosis is a genuine...

CLINICAL PSYCHOLOGY

A field of psychology devoted to psychological methods of diagnosing and treating mental and emotional disorders, as well as research into the causes of...

CLOUDING OF CONSCIOUSNESS

A mental disturbance in which the individual is unable to perceive, understand, and think clearly.When a patient’s consciousness becomes clouded he appears to be...

CLUTTERING (Tachyphemia)

Excessively rapid, arhythmic speech with a tendency to stutter, jumble words, omit syllables, and reverse parts of words. According to Arnold (1960), cluttering differs...

COCAINE HABITUATION

Psychological dependence on cocaine resulting in habitual use.Cocaine, a drug derived from the leaves of the coca plant and long used as a local...

COGNITIVE DISSONANCE (Dissonance Theory)

A state of conflict occurring when beliefs or assumptions are contradicted by new information. Dissonance theory holds that the conflict produces feelings of discomfort...

COLITIS

There are two principal diseases of the colon, or large intestine: mucous colitis and ulcerative colitis. Since both may be produced or aggravated by...

COLLECTIVE UNCONSCIOUS

A Jungian term denoting the portion of the unconscious which is common to all mankind. It is also called the racial unconscious.In the theory...

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