CLIENT-CENTERED THERAPY

The nondirective approach developed by Carl Rogers, in which psychotherapy is viewed as an opportunity for the patient to grow and “become a person”...

CLINICAL PSYCHOLOGY

A field of psychology devoted to psychological methods of diagnosing and treating mental and emotional disorders, as well as research into the causes of...

CLOUDING OF CONSCIOUSNESS

A mental disturbance in which the individual is unable to perceive, understand, and think clearly.When a patient’s consciousness becomes clouded he appears to be...

CLUTTERING (Tachyphemia)

Excessively rapid, arhythmic speech with a tendency to stutter, jumble words, omit syllables, and reverse parts of words. According to Arnold (1960), cluttering differs...

COCAINE HABITUATION

Psychological dependence on cocaine resulting in habitual use.Cocaine, a drug derived from the leaves of the coca plant and long used as a local...

COGNITIVE DISSONANCE (Dissonance Theory)

A state of conflict occurring when beliefs or assumptions are contradicted by new information. Dissonance theory holds that the conflict produces feelings of discomfort...

COLITIS

There are two principal diseases of the colon, or large intestine: mucous colitis and ulcerative colitis. Since both may be produced or aggravated by...

COLLECTIVE UNCONSCIOUS

A Jungian term denoting the portion of the unconscious which is common to all mankind. It is also called the racial unconscious.In the theory...

CHILD ABUSE (The Battered-Child Syndrome)

Maltreatment of children, especially by those entrusted with their care.Child abuse has a long and sordid history, dating back to periods when the father...

COLOR BLINDNESS

A defect in the ability to discriminate between simple colors. John Dalton, the British chemist, who was himself color blind, gave the first accurate...

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