DREAM-STATE (D-STATE, REM- STATE)

A state of the organism that occurs during dreaming, recently found to be physiologically distinct from both the ordinary sleep state (S-State) and the...

DETERIORATION (Mental Deterioration)

In psychiatry, deterioration denotes a progressive impairment or decline of intellectual and personality functions such as memory, reasoning, concentration, communication, and emotional response.The deteriorated...

DEVELOPMENTAL TASKS

The basic tasks which must be mastered at each stage of life if the individual is to achieve normal development and healthy adjustment. Failure...

DEWEY, JOHN (1859-1952)

Dewey, who was to become pre-eminent in three fields—philosophy,and education—was bom in Vermont, and graduated from the state university at the age of twenty....

DIABETIC REACTIONS

The weakness, excessive thirst, loss of weight, and other symptoms characterizing diabetes mellitus are due to low sugar metabolism resulting from a deficiency of...

DIAGNOSTIC TESTS IN EDUCATION

In contrast to achievement tests, diagnostic tests are designed to analyze individual performance and identify special disabilities. Most of these tests are concerned with...

DIFFERENTIAL PSYCHOLOGY (Individual Differences)

An area of psychology concerned with behavioral differences between individuals and groups of individuals—including, among others, sex, race, nationality, cultural and socioeconomic differences.The importance...

DIRECT ANALYSIS

A therapeutic approach developed by John Rosen, in which an attempt is made to understand and communicate directly with the unconscious of psychotic patients....

DIRECTIVE PSYCHOTHERAPY

An eclectic procedure developed by Frederick C. Thorne, in which the therapist provides the type of treatment needed at each stage of the process...

DISCIPLINE (literally, “to learn”)

Discipline is the process of learning to adapt one’s behavior to the requirements of society. It “arises from the need to bring about balance...

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