DREAM INTERPRETATION (Historical)

The belief that dreams have a special significance is practically universal. They have been an object of curiosity in all cultures and all times,...

DESCRIPTIVE PSYCHIATRY

A systematic approach to psychiatry based upon the observation, study, and classification of directly observable symptoms and clinical patterns. It contrasts with the dynamic...

DETECTION THEORY

An explanation of the way signals are perceived against a background of noise.The psychological study of signal detection is an extension of work performed...

DETERIORATION (Mental Deterioration)

In psychiatry, deterioration denotes a progressive impairment or decline of intellectual and personality functions such as memory, reasoning, concentration, communication, and emotional response.The deteriorated...

DEVELOPMENTAL TASKS

The basic tasks which must be mastered at each stage of life if the individual is to achieve normal development and healthy adjustment. Failure...

DEWEY, JOHN (1859-1952)

Dewey, who was to become pre-eminent in three fields—philosophy,and education—was bom in Vermont, and graduated from the state university at the age of twenty....

DIABETIC REACTIONS

The weakness, excessive thirst, loss of weight, and other symptoms characterizing diabetes mellitus are due to low sugar metabolism resulting from a deficiency of...

DIAGNOSTIC TESTS IN EDUCATION

In contrast to achievement tests, diagnostic tests are designed to analyze individual performance and identify special disabilities. Most of these tests are concerned with...

DIFFERENTIAL PSYCHOLOGY (Individual Differences)

An area of psychology concerned with behavioral differences between individuals and groups of individuals—including, among others, sex, race, nationality, cultural and socioeconomic differences.The importance...

DIRECT ANALYSIS

A therapeutic approach developed by John Rosen, in which an attempt is made to understand and communicate directly with the unconscious of psychotic patients....

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