ESQUIROL, JEAN (1772-1840)

Es- quirol, an early exponent of the functional point of view and of humane treatment in psychiatry, was born in Toulouse, France. After studying...

ELIMINATION DRIVES

The physical and developmental facts about urination and defecation are simple and clear-cut as compared to the amount of theory and emotional concern these...

ESTHETICS

The study of the nature of art and the art experience.Ever since Plato esthetics has been a province of philosophy, but from the time...

EMOTION (General)

Emotions are intense “stirred up” feelings, usually directed toward a specific person or event, and involving widespread visceral and skeletal changes.The feelings involved in...

EARLY INFANTILE AUTISM

A psychotic disorder of infancy characterized by stereotyped behavior and a total lack of response or relationship to other people.The condition, which is considered...

EBBINGHAUS, HERMANN (1850- 1909)

In his work on memory, Ebbinghaus suggested many principles and methods that have been incorporated in modern psychology. He invented the nonsense syllable, which...

ECOLOGICAL STUDIES

Ecology is the scientific study of the mutual relations between organisms and their environment.Ecological research on animals and plants focuses on their geographic distribution...

EFFECTORS

The organs of response and adjustment.Effectors are the mechanisms by which organisms react to their environment. Effector cells were the first cells to be...

EGO

A psychoanalytic term denoting the part of the personality which carries on relationships with the external world.The ego is conceived as a group of...

EGO IDEAL

The image of the self we would like to be or think we ought to become.The ego ideal comprises our aspirations and goals, as...

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