ELATION

A mood of exaggerated well-being and joyous excitement accompanied by restless energy and a confident, optimistic attitude.The most typical psychiatric manifestation of elation is...

EROTOGENIC ZONE (Erogenous Zone)

An area of the body that is particularly susceptible to erotic stimulation. Three of these zones are considered primary: the oral, anal, and genital....

ELECTROSHOCK THERAPY (Elec- troconvulsive Therapy; EST, ECT)

Convulsive therapy was originated by the Hungarian psychiatrist, Ladislaus J. Meduna in 1935, after he had noted that epilepsy and schizophrenia rarely occur together,...

ESQUIROL, JEAN (1772-1840)

Es- quirol, an early exponent of the functional point of view and of humane treatment in psychiatry, was born in Toulouse, France. After studying...

EARLY INFANTILE AUTISM

A psychotic disorder of infancy characterized by stereotyped behavior and a total lack of response or relationship to other people.The condition, which is considered...

EBBINGHAUS, HERMANN (1850- 1909)

In his work on memory, Ebbinghaus suggested many principles and methods that have been incorporated in modern psychology. He invented the nonsense syllable, which...

ECOLOGICAL STUDIES

Ecology is the scientific study of the mutual relations between organisms and their environment.Ecological research on animals and plants focuses on their geographic distribution...

EFFECTORS

The organs of response and adjustment.Effectors are the mechanisms by which organisms react to their environment. Effector cells were the first cells to be...

EGO

A psychoanalytic term denoting the part of the personality which carries on relationships with the external world.The ego is conceived as a group of...

EGO IDEAL

The image of the self we would like to be or think we ought to become.The ego ideal comprises our aspirations and goals, as...

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