GOAL ORIENTATION

1. Tendency for a person to physically and mentally position themselves toward their goal. 2. Characteristic of a person tending to direct their behaviour...

INTERPERSONAL PROCESS RECALL (IPR)

Method used to understand the process of psychotherapy and to train therapists and counsellors. Uses taping counselling and psychotherapy sessions that are later analysed...

INVERTED-U HYPOTHESIS

Performance and motivation and the proposed correlation between them, the performance is poorest when motivation or arousal at very high or low states. It...

LABELING

Patient may be incomplete or misleading, because not all cases conform to the sharply defined characteristics of the standard diagnostic categories, in psychological assessment

FAMILY THERAPY

involves the whole family becoming involved in the counselling process, instead of focussed efforts looking at a single individual, indeed, counsellors will attempt to...

FOLLOW-UP STUDY

the study undertaken to see if the short term effects of a therapy will continue after a certain period of time. It is to...

FRUSTRATIVE NONREWARD HYPOTHESIS

a proposition that consistently withholding reinforcement of responses during operant or instrumental conditioning leads to an internal state of frustration manifested in a variety...

GAMBLER'S FALLACY

failure to recognise a chance event and gives the belief that an outcome can be predicted that is based on chance outcomes in the...

GOAL SPECIFICITY

a term used to describe the degree that the target behavior of a goal is defined.

INTERPERSONAL SKILL

The aptitude enabling a person to be able to carry on effective relationships with others such as an ability to cooperate, communicate thought and...

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