MANIC-DEPRESSIVE REACTION (GENERAL)

A group of affective psychotic reactions characterized by a predominant mood of elation or depression, accompanied by related disturbances of thought and activity. The...

MESMER, FRANZ ANTON (1734- 1815)

Mesmer, the controversial precursor of hypnotherapy, was born in Austria, studied philosophy at a Jesuit university in Bavaria, and medicine and theology at the...

MANIC-DEPRESSIVE REACTION (THERAPY AND PROGNOSIS)

Thefirst aim in the treatment of manic reactions is to control hyperactivity, and this can often be accomplished through theuse of tranquilizing drugs, particularly...

METABOLIC DISORDERS

Many psychiatric conditions result from disturbances in the chemical processes of the body—that is, disturbances of metabolism. Disorders of this kind frequently produce changes...

MANIPULATIVE DRIVE

A general drive to handle and examine objects, not clearly distinguishable from the curiosity or exploratory drive.Early in this century many psychologists subscribed to...

MAPLE SUGAR URINE DISEASE

A rare disorder affecting amino acid metabolism shortly after birth, and leading to mental retardation. It is believed to be due to a single...

MARIJUANA

A drug, medically termed cannabis indica, derived from the hemp plant and taken primarily in cigarette form to obtain pleasurable effects.In Eastern countries preparations...

MARRIAGE THERAPY

Psychotherapy directed to improving the marital relationship, and “centered on the effortthe psychodynamics and behavior of two persons who are married.” (Sager, 1966)The possibilities...

MASCULINE PROTEST

A term applied by Alfred Adler to an urge to escape from the feminine role in life.The masculine protest occurs primarily in women but...

MASCULINITY-FEMININITY TESTS

A number of tests have been designed to measure the degree of masculinity and femininity. The first to be developed, and the most comprehensive,...

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