GOAL DIFFICULTY

the term that is used to describe the degree of ability, effort and time commitment needed to achieve a certain goal.

INTERMITTENT REINFORCEMENT

Used in operant or instrumental conditioning. The name given to any pattern of reinforcement where only some responses are reinforced. Also called partial reinforcement;...

INTERVIEWER EFFECTS

An interviewers attributes and the influence and behaviours on the answers of a respondant. The appearance, demeanor, training, age, sex of the interviewer, and...

JOHN HENRY EFFECT

an effect in which competitiveness between a control group and an experiment group to rivalry efforts that disturb the experiment.

FAMILY THERAPY

involves the whole family becoming involved in the counselling process, instead of focussed efforts looking at a single individual, indeed, counsellors will attempt to...

FOLLOW-UP STUDY

the study undertaken to see if the short term effects of a therapy will continue after a certain period of time. It is to...

FRUSTRATION

1. thwarting of impulses and actions. 2. Emotional state when thwarting happens. 3. Psychoanalytic theory. Damming up of psychic energy which seeks an outlet...

FUTURE-MINDEDNESS

the term used for the ability to engage in means to end future about the future. Being able to think ahead to what the...

GOAL ORIENTATION

1. Tendency for a person to physically and mentally position themselves toward their goal. 2. Characteristic of a person tending to direct their behaviour...

INTERNAL BOUNDARY

Psychoanalytic theory. The name of the boundary between ego and id. Also called inner boundary. Compare external boundary.

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