APRAXIA (literally, “inability to act or do”)

Loss of ability to perform purposeful movements or manipulate common objects.This disorder is caused by injury or disease which damages the parietal lobe of...

ARACHNODACTYLY (Marfan’s syndrome)

A rare inherited disorder characterized by long limbs and spidery hands and feet (the term means “spidery fingers”), and usually associated with mild mental...

ARISTOTLE (384-322 B.C.)

Little is known of the life of this great physician other than the fact that he was bom in the small kingdom of Cappadocia...

ARTERIOSCLEROTIC BRAIN DISORDER

A psychotic disorder caused by hardening of the arteries in the brain; classified by The American Psychiatric Association (1952) as “Chronic Brain Syndrome associated...

ASCLEPIADES (124 B.C.-?)

This early physician, who anticipated many modem ideas on mental illness, was born in the Greek colony of Bithynia and migrated to Rome at...

ASSERTION-STRUCTURED THERAPY

A systematic approach to psychotherapy developed by E. Lakin Phil lips, based upon the theory that neurotic tendencies can be traced to faulty assumptions...

ALLPORT - VERNON - LENDZEY STUDY OF VALUES

A personality test which attempts to uncover the individual’s dominant and pervasive interests.The study is in the form of a questionnaire designed to show...

ASTHENIC REACTION (Neurasthenia)

A neurotic reaction marked by persistent feelings of mental and physical fatigue, diffuse “nervousness,” and vague aches and pains.The asthenic patient feels that any...

ALZHEIMER’S DISEASE

Presenile dementia due to widespread degeneration of brain cells into tangled, threadlike structures; first described by the German neurologist Alois Alzheimer (1864- 1915) in...

ASYLUM (Insane Asylum)

(literally, “refuge”)- An obsolete term for a mental hospital or psychiatric institution The word has a long history. According to D. H. Tuke (1892)...

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