ASTHENIC REACTION (Neurasthenia)

A neurotic reaction marked by persistent feelings of mental and physical fatigue, diffuse “nervousness,” and vague aches and pains.The asthenic patient feels that any...

ALZHEIMER’S DISEASE

Presenile dementia due to widespread degeneration of brain cells into tangled, threadlike structures; first described by the German neurologist Alois Alzheimer (1864- 1915) in...

ASYLUM (Insane Asylum)

(literally, “refuge”)- An obsolete term for a mental hospital or psychiatric institution The word has a long history. According to D. H. Tuke (1892)...

AMENTIA

An obsolescent term for mental retardation, particularly the severe, congenital type of defect in which the brain fails to develop. This type of mental...

ATARACTIC (Atanndc)

(literally “undisturbed”). A drug used to control anxiety, tension, and overactivity without causing somnolence—a tranquilizer. See tranquilizers, chemotherapy.The get of focusing on a specific...

AMERICAN PSYCHIATRIC ASSOCIATION

The Association describes itself as “A society of medical specialists brought together by a common interest in the continuing study of psychiatry, in working...

ATTITUDE SCALES

Psychological instruments designed to measure personal attitudes on a variety of topics and issues.Typically, attitude scales contain a set of statements which represent different...

AMERICAN PSYCHOLOGICAL ASSOCIATION

Founded in 1892 and incorporated in 1925, the APA is the major psychological organization in the United States.Its membership, now numbering about 28,000, includes...

AMYGDALA (Amygdaloid Complex)

A brain structure located beneath the frontal lobe and involved in the control of emotion and motivation.The amygdala is a part of the “old...

ANACLITIC

Extreme dependence on another person or persons for emotional support. The model for an anaclitic relationship is the infant’s dependence on the mother for...

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