RAYNAUD’S DISEASE

A psychophysiologic disorder of the circulatory system involving blanching, swelling and /or cyanosis (blue appearance due to a lack of oxygen) of the fingers...

REACTION TIME (Response Latency)

The time between the onset of a stimulus and the start of an overt response.Reaction time, or RT, is a measurement of the speed...

READABILITY RESEARCH

The analysis or measurement of written material in terms of level of difficulty or other characteristics such as human interest The major object of...

READINESS TESTS

Tests designed to predict how well an individual is prepared to profit from instruction in a particular field.Readiness tests are confined largely to reading...

READING DISABILITY (Paralexia, Dyslexia)

A general term applying to all cases in which a child’s reading skill is one or more years behind his intellectual development.Children with reading...

RECONSTRUCTIVE THERAPY

A general term for psychiatric treatment methods aimed at relieving emotional disturbance by altering the patient’s basic personality structure.Reconstructive therapy is contrasted with supportive...

RE-EDUCATION

A form or stage of psychologial treatment in which the patient is taught—or, better, given an opportunity to learn for himself—more effective ways of...

RACE DIFFERENCES

Most of the psychological studies of race differences have dealt with the comparative intelligence of Negroes and whites. The results of these investigations can...

RANK, OTTO (1884-1939)

A Viennese by birth, Rank was a brilliant member of Freud’s coterie, but Freud broke with him over his “one-sided” emphasis on the birth...

RAPE

A sexual deviation in which sexual relations are forced upon another person.Forceable rape is distinguished from statutory rape, which consists of sexual relations outside...

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