REPETITION-COMPULSION

A psychoanalytic term for the tendency to repeat past behavior and, more narrowly, to relive disturbing experiences.Freud viewed repetition-compulsion as an unconscious, instinctual impulse...

RETICULAR FORMATION (Reticular Activating System, RAS)

A network of nerve cells deep in the middle of the brain (plate 1), extending from lower to higher centers; a structure involved in...

ROLE PLAYING (Sociodrama)

A technique of human relations training and psychotherapy in which the individual acts out social roles of other people, or tries out new roles...

RORSCHACH TEST

A projective technique in which responses to standard inkblots are professionally interpreted.The Rorschach test is based on the common human tendency to react emotionally...

ROSENZWEIG PICTURE-FRUSTRATION STUDY (P-F)

A projective test which assesses patterns of reaction to typical stress situations.It is an all-too-obvious fact that frustrating experiences are a common feature of...

RAY, ISAAC (1807—81)

After receiving his medical degree from Bowdoin College in 1827, Ray entered upon a career that was to make him one of the most...

RUSH, BENJAMIN (1746-1813)

Rush, the first American psychiatrist, was born in Pennsylvania and graduated from the College of New Jersey (now Princeton). He then went on to...

RACE DIFFERENCES

Most of the psychological studies of race differences have dealt with the comparative intelligence of Negroes and whites. The results of these investigations can...

RANK, OTTO (1884-1939)

A Viennese by birth, Rank was a brilliant member of Freud’s coterie, but Freud broke with him over his “one-sided” emphasis on the birth...

RAPE

A sexual deviation in which sexual relations are forced upon another person.Forceable rape is distinguished from statutory rape, which consists of sexual relations outside...

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