STIMULUS-STIMULUS ASSOCIATION (S-S Association, Sensory-Sensory Association)

A learned association between two stimuli.S-S associations are commonly formed when we learn to use one stimulus as a cue to another. For example,...

SUBITIZING

. Perceiving at a glance how many objects are presented without estimating or counting.It takes considerable time for children to learn to count. Ordinarily...

SCHOLASTIC APTITUDE TESTS

Tests designed to appraise the abilities required for academic work, particularly in liberal arts colleges, teachers’ colleges, and engineering schools.Before scholastic aptitude tests were...

SCOTOMA (literally, “dimness of vision”)

In psychiatry, a scotoma is, figuratively, a “mental blind spot.” This usage derives from the medical term for a blind or partially blind area...

SCREEN MEMORY (Cover Memory)

A consciously acceptable memory unwittingly used to cover or screen out an associated experience which would be painful or unacceptable if called to mind.The...

SEGUIN, EDOUARD (1812-1880)

A psychologist as well as physician, Seguin was a pupil of the Parisian doctor Jean Itard, who became famous for his work on mental...

SELF-CONCEPT TESTS

Personality tests designed to determine how the individual views himself—that is, the pattern of attitudes he entertains or assumes concerning his values, goals, abilities,...

SENILE PSYCHOSIS (Senile Brain Disease, Senile Dementia)

A state of mental, emotional, and social deterioration resulting primarily from degeneration of the brain in old age; classified by the American Psychiatric Association...

SENILE PSYCHOSIS (DELIRIOUS AND CONFUSED TYPE)

This syndrome occurs in either acute or chronic form and comprises about 10 per cent of senile psychoses.The acute and usually transient form may...

SENILE PSYCHOSIS (DEPRESSED AND AGITATED TYPES)

In these cases, which represent less than 10 per cent of senile psychotic reactions, the patient becomes not only intellectually impoverished, but is subject...

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