SCICNTIFIC MANAGEMENT

Concept of administration that assessed and synthesized work flows. The primary goal was increasing fiscal performance, particularly labor efficiency. It was one of the...

SCIOSOPHY

Supposed knowledge of natural and supernatural forces, usually based upon tradition rather than ascertained fact. See also: pseudoscience.

SCOTOPIC STIMULATION

Type of visual stimulation, using dim targets, which is typically designed to stimulate the retinal rod system in particular. Compare with: photopic stimulation.

SCRIPT ANALYSIS

In transactional assessment, the evaluation of the client

SECKEL'S BIRD-HEADED DWARFISM

Autosomal recessive condition characterized by growth and mental retardation, a beak-like nose, micrognathism, microcephaly, prominent maxilla and eyes, hypertelorism, strabismus, anti-mongoloid slant of palpebral...

SECONDARY ELABORATION

Mental process occurring partly during dreaming and partly during the recalling or telling of a dream by means of which the latent (relatively disorganized...

SECONDARY REWARD

Positive reinforcement associated with fulfillment of a biological need. Signals which correlate with a primary reward.

SECOND-PERSON PERSPECTIVE

Communication viewpoint wherein one individual addresses another with an awareness of their consciousness, distinguished by use of pronouns such as

SEDATIVE, HYPNOTIC, AND ANXIOLYTIC DRUGS

Central nervous system depressants which were specifically produced for therapeutic uses due to their calming effects and sleep-induction and anxiety-reduction effects. Includes barbiturates,...

SELECTION

Play of forces that determines the relative reproductive performance of the various genotypes in a population, especially in regard to behavioral or genetic traits...

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