SHERRINGTON, CHARLES SCOTT(1857-1952)

Sherrington, to whom we owe much of our knowledge of nerve activity, obtained his medical degree in 1885, then devoted himself to physiological research...

SUBJECTIVE TONES

Auditory sensations or hallucinations in which certain notes or melodies are heard in the absence of external stimulation.A common type of subjective tone is...

SKIN SENSES (Cutaneous Sense)

The senses of warmth, cold, pain, and touch (pressure) located in the skin.Skin sensations are the source of relatively simple experiences such as itching...

SULLIVAN, HARRY STACK (1892- 1949)

Sullivan is chiefly noted for his “interpersonal theory,” an approach to personality and psychotherapy based on the crucial importance of interactions with other people.Sullivan...

SMELL PRISM

A three-dimensional diagram representing six “primary” odors and their mixture.Scientists have not yet been able to pin down the physical and chemical makeup of...

SUPPORTIVE THERAPY

A general form of psychological treatment aimed at reinforcing existing defenses and alleviating distress through techniques that operate on a conscious level. It consists...

SOCIAL CLASS (Social Stratification)

A broad social grouping based upon level of prestige determined by such characteristics as occupation, income, family genealogy, moral standing, residential area, and social...

SYMPATHISM

The defense mechanism of seeking emotional support through arousing sympathy. “Sympathy seeking” is more commonly used than sympathism.The individual dwells endlessly on his misfortunes...

SOCIAL NORM (Group Norms)

The standards by which behavior is judged in a given social group; the way the members of a group are expected to think, feel...

SOCIAL PSYCHIATRY

A broad area of psychiatric investigation and practice covering the relation between mental health and the social environment.The social viewpoint in psychiatry has only...

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