Written by Pam MS, NCSP | Fact checked by Psychology Dictionary staff 

n. refers to a consciousness of internal or external events or experiences, that is thought by some to separate human and non-human animals. Evidence of self-awareness in animals is most often determined by whether an individual can use a mirror to groom an otherwise unseen dirty spot on its own forehead. A few chimpanzees, gorillas, and orangutans have shown this awareness and passed this test. See also consciousness.

AWARENESS: "A person with awareness would likely be able to report on his or her internal and external states."

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