an extraneous and unintended factor affecting the results of research, especially one associated with the researcher (e.g., expectations, personality) or with the participant (e.g., awareness of the researcher's intent, concern about being evaluated). See also artifact.

ARTIFACT IN RESEARCH: "An artifact in research in one particular case was introduced when a subject guessed the intent of the experiment and decided to behave in ways that he or she thought would jeopardize the experiment."
Cite this page: N., Pam M.S., "ARTIFACT IN RESEARCH," in, April 7, 2013, (accessed September 14, 2020).