the use of medical or surgical techniques to achieve conception by introducing sperm into the female reproductive system by artificial means. In humans, this is done by introducing sperm from the donor (who masturbates to provide semen) into the vagina or through the cervical opening, directly into the uterus via an artificial instrument. As with intercourse, artificial insemination may need to be performed several times for pregnancy to occur, but it is usually scheduled to coincide with the days of ovulation, to maximize success. Success rates of 75% are reported.
ARTIFICIAL INSEMINATION (AI): "A person underwent artificial insemination procedures, where sperm was placed in the vagina by the doctor, in order to become pregnant. "