(1863-1930) a first-generation U.S. psychologist who completed her studies at Harvard University, yet never received her degree. She is best-known for her work on paired-associates learning, a useful technique in learning and memory. She also advocated a more personalistic psychology which centered on introspection and self-psychology.

CALKINS, MARY WHITON: "Mary Whiton Calkins is the first lady president of the American Psychological Association as well as the American Philosophical Association."
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