noun. factors that fluctuate with the independent variable and whose affects on the dependent variable are subsequently hard to distinguish through empirical observation from the influence of the independent variable.

CONFOUNDS: "The confounds within the investigation pertaining to how the evidence was obtained held up the trial proceedings for months."
Cite this page: N., Pam M.S., "CONFOUNDS," in, April 7, 2013, (accessed April 23, 2021).